Chapter 3 Review Sheet†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Name ____________________________________

 

Answer Questions 1-10 on page 101

 


  1. ______
  2. ______
  3. ______
  4. ______
  5. ______
  6. ______
  7. ______
  8. ______
  9. ______
  10. ______

Vocabulary


______ 1.    mole

______ 2.    Avogadroís constant

______ 3.    Molar mass

______ 4.    Conversion Factor

______ 5.    Metals

______ 6.    Nonmetals

______ 7.    Alkali metals

______ 8.    Alkaline earth metals

______ 9.    Transition metals

______ 10.Halogens

______ 11.Noble gases

______ 12.Periodic law

______ 13.Period

______ 14.Group

______ 15.Ionization

______ 16.Ion

______ 17.Cation

______ 18.Anion

______ 19.Atomic number

______ 20.Mass number

______ 21.Isotopes

______ 22.Atomic mass unit

______ 23.Average atomic mass

______ 24.Nucleus

______ 25.Proton

______ 26.Neutron

______ 27.Electron

______ 28.Energy level

______ 29.Orbital

______ 30.Valence electron

 


A.     The unit for the amount of a substance

B.     The number of particles in 1 mole

C.     The mass of one mole in grams

D.     A ratio that has the same amount written two different ways

E.      Elements that are malleable and ductile

F.      Elements that are brittle and have dull luster

G.     The elements in Group 1

H.     The elements in Group 2

I.        The elements in Group 3-12

J.       The elements in Group 17

K.    The elements in Group 18

L.      When in atomic number order the properties of the elements repeat.

M.   Columns on the periodic table.

N.    Rows on the periodic tables.

O.    The process of gaining or losing electrons.

P.      An atom or group of atoms with a charge.

Q.    Positively charged ion

R.     Negatively charged ion

S.      The number of protons in an atom

T.      The total of protons and neutrons in an atom

U.     Atoms with the same atomic number but different atomic numbers

V.     One twelfth the mass of a carbon 12 atom

W.   The mass of the average of the isotopes of an element

X.     The dense, positive center portion of the electrons

Y.     Positively charged pieces of atoms

Z.      Neutral pieces of atoms

AA.           Negatively charged pieces of atoms

BB.            The path that an electron takes around the nucleus

CC.           A region where you have a chance of finding electrons

DD.           Electrons in the outermost energy level of an atom

 



12. Complete the following table.

Element

Symbol

Number of

Protons

Number of

electrons

Number of

neutrons

Atomic

Number

Mass

Number

 

 

25

 

 

 

53

 

 

 

11

12

 

 

 

 

35

 

45

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

39

89

 

 

 

33

 

 

75

 

Ac

 

 

 

 

227

 

13. What was Daltonís atomic theory?

 

 

 

14. Describe Bohrís model of the atom.

 

 

 

15. Why is the periodic table shaped the way it is?

 

 

 

 

16. How do you find metals, and nonmetals on the periodic table?

 

 

 

 

17. Robyn recycled 15.1 mol of aluminum last month, how many grams of aluminum is this?

 

 

 

18. James has a balloon with 0.54 g of helium. How many moles of helium is this?